Comparisons with Nouns

Up to now we have used adjectives in our comparisons.

Dan is tall.   (Tall is describing the noun Dan.)
Dan is taller than Mai.

Notice that we are using the verb "be" (am, is, are, was, were) with adjectives. We also use adjectives with the verbs  taste, feel, look, seem, sound, appear

The coffee tastes good.
Your coffee tastes better than my coffee.
My coffee doesn't taste as good as your coffee.
You look tired.
You look more tired than I do.
I don't look as tired as you do.
I feel terrible.
I feel more terrible about it than they do.
They don't feel as terrible about as I do.
You seem confused.
You seem more confused about the problem than I do.
I don't seem as confused about the problem as you do.

We can compare adjectives, but we can also compare the quantity or the amount of a noun.

MORE

Dan has 3 books.   Mai has two books.

Now you can compare the quantity/number of books.

Dan has more books than May (does).
There are more people in New York City than in Seattle.

Dan drinks more tea than coffee.
There is more rainfall in Seattle than in Los Angeles.

FEWER (use this with count nouns)

Mai has fewer books than Dan does.
There are fewer people in Seattle than in New York City.

LESS (use this with non-count nouns)

Dan drinks less coffee than tea.
There is less rainfall in Seattle than in Los Angeles.

Equality & Inequality  using  AS MANY ...AS   AS MUCH ... AS

If you have the same number or quantity of something.

Count Nouns = As many --- as

Henry made five mistakes on the test.  Vivian made five mistakes on the test.

Henry made as many mistakes on the test as Vivian (did).

Non Count Nouns =  As much ... as

Jerry lost \$200 at the casino.  Tim lost \$200 dollar at the casino.
Jerry lost as much money at the casino as Tim (did).

You can't count the noun "money."  However, remember that you can count the word dollar.  You can put an "s" on the word dollar---dollars.

Jerry lost as many dollars at the casino as Tim did.

Inequality =  Not the same number  Not As Many ...As  Not As Much ...As

Count Nouns -  Not As Many ... As  (The same meaning as fewer than.)

My living room has 4 windows.  My bedroom has two windows.
My bedroom doesn't have as many windows as my bedroom does.
My bedroom has fewer windows than my living room does.

Non-count Nouns - Not As Much ... As (The same meaning as less than.)

A big city has a lot of entertainment.  A little city doesn't have very much entertainment.

A little city doesn't have as much entertainment as a big city (does).
A little city has less entertainment than a big city (does).

Directions:  Make sentences comparing nouns.  Use More

1. (Make a comparison with a count noun.)
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2. (Make another comparison with a count noun.)
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3. (Make a comparison with a non-count noun.)
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4. (Make another comparison with a non-count noun.)
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Directions:  Make sentences comparing nouns.  Use Fewer

1. (Make a comparison with a count noun.)
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2. (Make another comparison with a count noun.)
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Directions: Make sentences comparing nouns.  Use Less.

1. (Make a comparison with a non-count noun.)
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2. (Make another comparison with a non-count noun.)
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Directions: Make sentences showing equal quantity.  Use as many...as

1. (Make a comparison with a count noun.)
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2. (Make another comparison with a count noun.)
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Directions: Make sentences showing equal quantity.  Use as much...as

1. (Make a comparison with a non-count noun.)
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2. (Make another comparison with a non-count noun.)
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Directions:  Change the following sentences using not as much ... as for non-count nouns or not as many...as for count nouns.

1. Harvard Avenue has fewer restaurants than Broadway Avenue.
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2. There are fewer people in the street at night than during the day.
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3. There is less light in the winter than there is in the summer.
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4. A small car uses less gas than a big car.
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