# Introduction

Equatives, Comparatives and Superlatives are special forms of adjectives. They are used to compare two or more things. Generally, equatives are formed by using as + adjective + as, comparatives are formed by using -er and superlatives are formed by using -est. This page will explain the rules for forming equatives, comparatives and superlatives, and also show some basic ways of using them.

## Forming regular comparatives and superlatives

How these forms are created depends on how many syllables there are in the adjective. Syllables are like "sound beats". For instance, "sing" contains one syllable, but "singing" contains two -- sing and ing. Here are the rules:

## How to use comparatives and superlatives

 Equatives Equatives are used to compare two things that are equal in the quality that you are describing.  You use as + adjective + as. Dan is 5 feet 10 inches tall.  His father is 5 feet 10 inches tall. Dan is as tall as his father. Dan's cat has eyes as blue as sapphires. My sister's hair is as long as mine (is). Equatives are also used to compare two things that are unequal ( not equal) in the quality that you are describing. You use not as + adjective + as Today isn't hot.  Yesterday was hot. Today isn't as hot as yesterday (was). This soup isn't as spicy as the soup I had last night. I'm not as intelligent as the other students. My house isn't as big as your house. Comparatives Comparatives are used to compare two things. You can use sentences with THAN, or you can use a conjunction like BUT. Examples:Jonas is taller than Andy.Jonas is tall, but Dan is taller. Superlatives Superlatives are used to compare more than two things. Superlative sentences usually use THE, because there is only one superlative. Examples:Dan is the tallest in the class.Patricia is tall, and Jonas is taller, but Dan is the tallest.That was the most difficult test of all our tests. Clues for using the superlative:  in the world/country/city/school, of all,  of all the students, one of...,  have/has ever... Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. He was the noisiest student of all. Ann is one of the most serious students in class. That was the best film I have ever seen. Note:  You can't use "than" with the superlative:  He is the tallest than I.  He is the tallest in our class. You must use "than' with the comparative form: He is taller than everyone else in the class.

Practice Exercise 1:  Write in the correct forms as shown in number 1.

 Adjective Equative Comparison Superlative 1. tall as tall as taller than the tallest 2. sunny 3. bad 4. expensive 5. far 6. dangerous 7. red 8. famous 9. nice 10. hard 11. friendly 12. good 13. dirty 14.  polluted 15. exciting 16. little

Practice Exercise 2

Practice Exercise 3