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Introduction to Emergency Preparedness
Learning about Local Hazards

Learning about Local Hazards

This lesson is for students to learn about some of the hazards that exist in their locality and to begin to take action in basic preparation. 

Beginning Levels Vocabulary

Fire

Flood

Storm

Wind

Earthquake

Volcano

Snow

No Power

Tsunami

Charcoal

Intermediate/Advanced Levels Vocabulary*

Hazardous

Terrorism

Shortage

Disorder

Eruption

Outage

Pandemic

 

 

 

*Students can also self-select new vocabulary when they read.

Useful Resources:

Lesson Ideas:

  1. PowerPoint: Ask questions about the pictures like: What do you see?  What happened or is happening?  Why/How did it happen?  How do the people feel? Has this happened to you?

  2. Larger Flashcards:  Introduce and practice vocabulary with larger flashcards or PowerPoint.  There are a variety of flashcard activities you can do.  Separate the words from the pictures by cutting them.

    1. Teacher shows picture, says word, and students repeat.

    2. Teacher shows word, says world, and students repeat.

    3. Teacher shows both picture and word and students repeat.

    4. Handout all larger flashcards one to each student in a mixed-up fashion.  Students come to the front of the room and find their partner (word and picture). 

    5. Put the words and pictures on the blackboard or table mixed up and students need to sort and match.

  3. Smaller Flashcards: The smaller flashcards can be used in a similar fashion but in pairs or small groups.  Copy as many sets as you need.

    1. In addition to the above flashcard activities, students can play teacher and student in pairs or groups.  One person is the teacher and the other the student.  Teacher shows either the picture or word and student says the name of picture or word.

    2. You can also play the memory game.  Turn all flashcards over and students turn over 2 of the cards and try to match the word with the picture.

    3. Have students make a set of flashcards by writing the words on small pieces of paper to take home.

  4. Watch On-line video or DVD:  Watch the on-line video or DVD from City of Seattle “Personal and Family Preparedness” segment from 00:00-01:30.  Have students do Cloze Exercise 2 (answers) and Comprehension Question Worksheet 2 (answers).  Lower levels can watch in their first language, if available.

  5. Spelling: Use vocabulary words for beginning levels.

  6. Matching exercise: Match vocabulary with pictures for beginning levels.

  7. Questions and Answers exercise:  Students use the vocabulary to answer simple questions and write simple sentences.

  8. Definitions exercise for intermediate and advanced students:  Go to the King County Emergency Management's Hazards and write the name of the hazard next to the description .

  9. Report:  Have students choose a hazard and look it up at FEMA web site.  They can read and report to the class about the hazard.

  10. Carbon Monoxide (CO) Poisoning:  This is a hazard that can occur after a disaster when the power is out and the weather is cold.  Have students go to the web site and read in English or print it out. Print out the flier in students’ first language. 

  11. Advanced Reading on Carbon Monoxide (CO) Poisoning-:  Have Level 5 or 6 students read an article about the windstorm in Seattle in 2006. The first article was soon after the storm and the second article was one year later. Both are about CO2 poisoning and from Seattle Times.

  12. Scenario 1—Camping: In the video, the man asks us to imagine we are going camping for 3 days.  What do we need? 

  13. Scenario 2—Prepare for..(windstorm):  In the video (13:53), the man asks us to pretend an event will occur in a few days and asks us what we need to do to prepare.  Do this with students.  They can list what they have at home that matches what the video says they need for 3 days.  Then students can go home and make lists:  What I have….What I need.

  14. Scenario 3—After the... (windstorm):  Students discuss what to do after a disaster.

  15. Scenario 5—What to do in different hazards:  students pick a disaster scenario and search the Internet to find out what to do.

  16. Scenario 6You're at school and...: Reading and discussing the emergency procedures listed by Seattle Central Community College's Security Department's Information.